What is high blood pressure?
To understand what high blood pressure is you must first understand how blood pressure is measured. Blood pressure is the force in the arteries when the heart beats (systolic pressure) and when the heart is at rest (diastolic pressure). Your pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury or mm Hg. Low Blood Pressure Treatment in an Emergency.
Low Blood Pressure is also known as hypertension and is characterized in an adult when the systolic pressure is equal to or greater than 140 mm Hg and the diastolic pressure is equal to or greater than 90 mm Hg.
Consistent high pressure increases your chance of getting heart disease that can lead to a heart attack and/or a stroke. High pressure is not just a problem for people over the age of 35, and young people can even have high blood pressure.
High pressure is more common in those. (African-American, middle-aged or elderly, obese, heavy drinkers) And women who are taking birth control pills. People with other illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, gout or kidney disease are also prone to high pressure. People with a family history of high pressure may also be prone to the same problem, although just because others in your family have high pressure, it does not necessarily mean that you will.
What is Considered Normal Blood Pressure?
The normal systolic mm hg is less than 120 and the diastolic mm Hg is less than 80. For pre-hypertension, the systolic mm Hg is between 120 and 139 and the diastolic mm Hg is between 80 and 89. High blood pressure in stage 1 will give a reading of 140 to 159 for the systolic mm Hg and 90 to 99 for the diastolic mm Hg. In stage 2 of high pressure, the readings will be 160 or higher for the systolic mm Hg and 100 or higher for the diastolic mm Hg.
Normal blood pressure is measured by systolic pressure. Over diastolic pressure. Normal pressure is generally considered. 120 systolic over 80 diastolic or anything below 120/80. Of course, pressure can be too low as well, but in general, doctors like to see a normal pressure of 120/80 and below.
Normal Blood Pressure Guidelines
When your pressure goes beyond the normal pressure range you are looking at the risk of some serious health problems. Every 20 point increase in your systolic pressure and 10 point increase in your diastolic pressure doubles the chance you will have a heart attack or stroke. So, if your pressure is 140/90 you have a 50% higher chance of heart attack or stroke. Many times high pressure does not have symptoms, so you should have regular checkups to make sure you still have normal pressure.
If your normal blood pressure starts creeping upwards then you will need to control it in order to reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke. The best way to maintain normal pressure is through diet and exercise. Of course, there are prescription drugs to help maintain normal pressure, but if you can maintain it yourself through diet and exercise that is the best plan.
You can also learn to take your own blood pressure and measure the results, more or less, by simply understanding. What is considered normal pressure and what is not? Of course, you might want to talk to your physician about what normal pressure applies to you.
Lifestyle changes can help keep your blood pressure under control. Simple things such as cutting back of sustaining from alcohol and smoking and bring your blood pressure under control. Talking with your physician concerning your diet and high blood pressure may be all that you need, but in some cases, medication is necessary to control high blood pressure.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
For many people who suffer from hypertension, there is no apparent reason why their blood pressure is high. This condition is called essential hypertension and it is very important that it is kept under control.
Since the cause of essential hypertension is not known. Treatment is based on keeping the blood pressure within normal limits. However, a definition of a “normal” limit can be subjective to a person’s age, race, and gender.
Number of Factors
A number of factors combine to raise someone’s blood pressure. Hereditary factors are very important as high blood pressure does tend to run in families. At one time it was thought that high blood pressure was more evident in nervous or highly-strung people. Now it’s thought to be more mundane causes such as obesity, and a general slothful lifestyle.
If your blood pressure is raised. then it’s important you visit your doctor. Who can arrange for you to have further investigations and the treatment you require. He may decide. You need to have your blood pressure taken over a 24 hour period on a special blood pressure machine. Which is strapped to your body? This ensures he gains a true reading of what your blood pressure is within a 24 hour period.
High blood pressure Treatment
High blood pressure is not really curable. However, it can be controlled very well. By an effective regime of drugs and changes in your general lifestyle. Sometimes, once you have made the necessary changes to your lifestyle. I.e. lost weight and started taking some exercise. Then you may well find your blood pressure has dropped to within normal limits of its own accord. The need for drug therapy is gone.
However, if this isn’t the case. Then there are some very effective drugs. Out there which will reduce your pressure and keep it within the desired limits. Sometimes it takes some trial and error to find the right balance or combination you need. But your doctor should be very experienced in this area. Soon find the correct dosage for you.
There are now many effective treatments for high pressure. There should be one drug or a combination of drugs. That will suit you without causing side effects. If you do get side effects from any drugs you are taking. It’s worth mentioning to your doctor. As he should be able to find. You an antihypertensive drug to suit.
U much better and which will have fewer side effects. An important fact to remember is any type of treatment. You take to lower your pressure will only remain effective. As long as you continue with that treatment. Once you stop taking your medication, then your pressure will rise again.
Other ways you can improve your blood pressure include:
- Stopping smoking
Smoking increases your risk for cardiac disease and triples your chance of dying before you reach retirement.
- Reduce your alcohol intake.
Alcohol can be good for you but only in very moderate amounts. Large amounts of alcohol put a strain on the heart, raise your pressure and damage your liver.
- Lose some weight
Being obese is one of the worst factors for raising your pressure. It also puts added strain on your joints and can affect your breathing.
- It’s also a good idea to lower your salt intake as well.
- Regular exercise is important to keep your pressure down.
Many people make the mistake of exercising strenuously when all they need to do is start walking, cycling or swimming. Low Blood Pressure Treatment.